Bacau County - Botosani County - Galati County - Neamt County - Suceava County - Vaslui County - Vrancea CountyHotels in Botosani - Travel Agencies in Botosani Other zones : Crisana and Banat - Dobrogea - Maramures - Muntenia and Oltenia - Transylvania
- geographical situation: it is situated in the north-eastern part of Romania, on the border with Ukraine and Moldavia, between the Siret river (in the west) and Prut (in the east);
- neighbours: in the north-Ukraine; in the east-Moldavia; in the south-Iasi; in the west-Suceava;
- surface: 4,986 square km (respectively 2,1 % of the country's territory);
- population: 462,370 inhabitants;
- towns: BOTOSANI-capital of the county (with 120,000 inhabitants, placed in the Plain of Jijia); Darabani; Dorohoi; Saveni.
- relief: dominant are the hill regions which, although not very varied, are nevertheless a land of gentle beauty, of a lasting and friendly nature, exhibiting a peaceful harmony.
The main geographical units are: the Siret Hills and the Plain of Upper Jijia, increasing from north (the hill region of the Jijia Depression, with heights of 200 m), to east (the plain near the Prut river) and to west (high terraces on the left bank of the Siret river, belonging to the south-eastern area of the Moldavian Plateau, with heights of 300 m);
- climate: it is temperate continental, strongly influenced by the masses of air coming from the east of the continent, resulting in an annual average temperature below the one in the rest of the country (8-90 C). The rainfalls are variable, in winters, it doesn't snow much and rains are rather rare in summer. Winds blow from north-west and south-west;
- watercourses: they flow from north to west and from south to east. The main rivers are: the Prut in the east and the Siret in the west, the Baseu and Jijia in the centre, with important tributaries: Sitna, Miletin, Dresleuca, forming wide corridors in the depressions with large meadows which cross the county. Due to these phenomena more than 150 artificial ponds appeared, used in order to balance the flow, for irrigations, water supply, fishing.
- In Botosani county, great personalities of the Romanian culture and science were born: Mihai Eminescu (morning star of the Romanian poetry, the poet was born in Botosani in 1850; his work, translated into 65 language, is known all over the world), Octavian Onicescu (mathematician, founder of the Romanian school regarding the probabilities theory, founder of the statistics, actuaries and estimate school. He also realised a new concept of invariantive mechanics. His brilliant scientific activity is illustrated in the "Octav Onicescu" Memorial Museum which will be turned into an academy, Nicolae Iorga (scientist and historian, proofs of his huge work can be seen in the Memorial House dedicated to him, in Botosani), George Enescu (genius of the Romanian classical music), the writers, Mihai Sevastos, Mihail Sorbu, Vasile Pogor, the artists, Octav Bancila, Constantin Piliuta, Stefan Luchian, Justina Popescu, the geographers, Grigore Antipa, Nicolae Leon, Victor Tufescu, the philologists, Alexandru Graur, Dumitru Murarasu. In what regards the cultural life and education from Botosani, we can mention a few names: the writers, Ion Pillat, Samson Bodnarescu, Nicu Gane, Mihai Ursachi, the geographers, Ion Simionescu, Simion Mehedintu, the philologists, Ovidiu Densusianu, Alexandru Lambrior, the folklorist, A. Gorovei;
- The present name of the county is mentioned, for the first time, in Grigore Ureche' Chronicle and regards the events from 1439, when "the Tartars came, plundered and set on fire the fair of Botosani". According to researches, the name of the city comes from a boyar called Botas who lived in this region. The most ancient seal of the Botosani has as main symbol a peacock and is inscribed with the words "Seal of the Botas fair". With a long history, Botosani had, at the same time, a flourishing agricultural civilisation as well as a beautiful urban life. The county preserves, in an authentical museum in open air, exceptional proofs of the passed times: peasant households, mansions which belonged to boyars, great public buildings and elegant dwellings built in sophisticated architectonical styles, ancient churches made of wood and stone, ancestral customs and traditions. At the beginning, Botosani was a fair, but it developed very rapidly and soon became one of the most important towns of Moldavia. This fact is due to some favourable circumstances, for example, the foundation of a fair (point of attraction for many foreigners-Armenians, Jews, Polish, Greeks) in a geographical area situated at trade crossroads. Thus, the fair of Botosani brought great profit attracting the attention of the country voivodes. The devotion, love and faith in God made the Romanian voivodes to build many churches, traces of a impetuous past which vibrates in the stone walls. The unbelievable architectonical richness of the churches and other buidings, each one with its own story, is connected to the spiritual-cultural aspect of the Botosani county. If there is something important here that can be considered as a "performance" or "perfect work", "pride" or "of international and national fame" then this "something" is the culture. Personalities belonging to all the fields of science, art and culture were born in Botosani.
- The presentation of the touristic sights is an invitation for all travellers who love the history of a mysterious land and the beautiful stories of a special civilisation. Maybe the efforts of the people who love these places of capitalizing the cultural inheritance, the traditions, the customs and "spirit" of Botosani will be rewarded by the steps of the visitators of a world never to be described by our words but by your soul.
Source: Romanian Travel Guide / Publirom