Tourist sights - Historical Vestiges - Bucharest, Bukarest, Turism, vacanta, munte, litoral, aventura, harti si fotografii in Romania prin Romanian

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Romania - Tourist sights - Historical Vestiges - Bucharest, Bukarest, Turism, vacanta, munte, litoral, aventura, harti si fotografii in Romania prin Romanian
  Tourist sights

Historical Vestiges

     The Old Court-it represents the traces of an important Wallachian political and administrative centre, the most significant medieval buidings (15th-18th centuries) in the present city. The fortress, built during the reign of ruler Vlad the Impaler (much stronger and bigger than the previous one) combines the needs of a fortified point with those of the Royal Court settlement. Today, one can visit an open air museum, where large catacombs can be seen under the ground as well as the columns in the Conference Hall etc.;
     The New Court (or the Burnt Court)-it was erected by Alexandru Ipsilanti in 1776, seriously damaged by earthquakes and fires; nowadays, there can only be seen part of the walls and the cellars;
     The Coltea Hospital-the first hospital in Bucharest (1704), built by the sword bearer Michael Cantacuzino; the present building was erected in 1888 and represents one of the architectural successes from the end of the 19th century;
     The Melik House-(1760), the oldest civil building in Bucharest, preserved in its original form; it belonged to the Melik family since 1820; nowadays, it shelters the "Th. Pallady" Museum;
     Manuc's Inn-it aws built by the great merchant Manuc-bey, in the first decade of the 19th century; nowadays, one of the most important historical and architectural monuments in Bucharest;

The Fire Watch Tour-(1892-1983), 50 m in height, it served both as a fire watch tower and a firemen station; nowadays, it hosts the Firemen Museum;
     The Ghica Palace-(1822), it was built by ruler Grigore Dimitrie Ghica, one of the most imposing buildings, representative monument of the Wallachian Neoclassical style;
     The Stirbei Palace-(1835), in Neoclassical style, it was built according to the plans of the French architect Sanjouand. This elegant and light edifice, with Greek elements, belonged for a while to the prince family Stirbei; nowadays, it shelters the Museum of Ceramics and Glass;
     The Sutu Palace-(1833-1834), in Neogothic style, with elements of Romanic style, it belonged to the great minister of foreign affairs, Costache Grigore uu. It was one of the most frequented palaces of the city in the 19th century; at present, it shelters the Museum of History and Art of Bucharest;
     The University Palace-(1857-1869), it was built according to the plans of the architect Al. Orascu, who was helped in decorating the exterior walls by K. Storck. In this massive construction, there functions the oldest institution of university education in Bucharest;
     The Cotroceni Palace-(1893), it was built according to the plans of the French architect, Paul Gottereau, as permanent residence of the heir prince Ferdinand. The palace is situated in the middle of a beautiful garden, it detains many elements of Romanian architecture; at present, it is used as residence of the President of the country;
     The Palace of Justice-(1890-1895), it was built in French Renaissance style, according to the plans of the architect, A. Ballu The construction was finished by Ion Mincu. The statues at the entrance are the work of K. Storck and symbolize the Law, the Righteousness, the Justice, the Truth, the Force, the Prudence;
     The "Cantacuzino" Palace-(1898-1900), it was built in French Baroque style, the inside wall are rich in decorations and paintings; nowadays, it hosts the "George Enescu" Museum;
     The Palace of Parliament (People's House)-(1984-1989), the grandest administrative construction in Europe. It has hundreds of offices, halls for reception of for scientific, cultural, social-political reunions, dozens of conference rooms. It covers over 265,000 square m interior surface, being the second biggest in the world after the Pentagon building in Washington. It is the third in the world in what concerns its volume, after the Cape Canaveral building in USA (where the cosmic rockets are assemblied) and after the Quetzalcoatl pyramid in Mexico.