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HISTORICAL VESTIGES

      The Fortress of Brasov-its construction began in 1395 at the order of Sigismund of Luxembourg, King of Hungary, it was the strongest fortess in Transylvania, in those times; 
      The Fortress of Fagaras-it was built in the 15th century on the ruins of an ancient wooden fortress; it was very famous hosting the voivode's court (Michael the Brave let his family here during the battles of 1599-1600). Part of it can be seen today in the city centre; 
      The Feldioara Fortress-(21 km north of Brasov on the national road DN 13), it was built by the Teuton Knights between 1211-1225 (the Merienburg fortress), then transformed into peasant fortress in 1457 (today only ruins). Near the walls of this fortress the battle between the army led by Petru Rares and the one led by Ferdinand the 1st of Habsburg took place; the Moldavians won the fight (1529); 
      The Roman Camp from Cumidava-Rasnova, today ruins; 
      The Roman Camp Pons Vetus-Hoghiz, today ruins; 
      The Cohal Fortress-Rupea, 12th century, it resisted the Tartar invasion from 1241; 
      Fortress-Breaza, 13th century, built by Negru Voda; 
      Fortress-Prejmer, 15th century; 3-4 m thick walls; inside there are 300 rooms, arranged on several levels; 
      Peasant Fortress-Rasnov, 14th century; 
      Fortress-Codlea, (1432), it was built by different guilds; 
      Ecaterina Gate-Brasov, (1559), it was built in Renaissance style; 
      Weavers' Bastion-Brasov, 1421-1573, it is the best preserved of the fortress bastions, an unique construction of this type, in the country; it hosts "Brasov Fortress" Museum; 
      Smiths' Bastion-Brasov; 
      The Black Tower-Brasov; 
      The White Tower-Brasov; 
      Bran Castle-(22 km away from Predeal), remarkable monument of architecture, it was built between 1377-1382 on a 60 m high rock. The castle had both a military and customs-point purpose. Although it suffered various transformations, this impressive fortress preserves elements of its original Gothic style. The castle hosts a museum of medieval art (weapons and furniture, hunting trophies). With its medieval atmosphere, the Bran Castle came to be connected with the legend of DRACULA (with its origins in the Transylvanian Middle Ages). As a result, many Romanian and, especially, foreign tourists, visit these places seeking the hidden truth of this famous legend; 
      Haller Castle-Hoghiz, (1553); 
      Medieval Castle-Racos, (1625); 
      Castle-Sambata de Sus, (20 km south-west of Fagaras); it was built by the Wallachian ruler, Constantin Brancoveanu, (1688-1714), today only ruins; 
      Castle-Sambata de Jos, it was built in 1770 by Baron Brukenthal, Governor of Transylvania.

RELIGIOUS BUILDINGS

      Black Church-Brasov, (1385-1477), one of the most important monuments of Gothic art from Romania, impressive by massiveness, artistic value of architecture, the treasures kept here and the historical past. The name, the Black Church comes from its black walls, result of a big fire from 1689. Inside the church we can find one of the biggest organs in Romania and a collection of Oriental old carpets (15th-18th centuries); 
      Bartholomeus Church-Brasov, the oldest monument of architecture in the town, it was built in 1223 in Romanesque style; later, Gothic elements were added; 
      "Saint Nicolas" Church-Brasov, the construction began in 1495 at the order of Neagoe Basarab and lasted for almost a century. Subsequent restaurations gave it a new face by the combination of different architectural styles; 
      "Saint Nicolas" Orthodox Church-Fagaras, it was built by the ruler Constantin Brancoveanu, between 1694-1697; 
      Evangelic Church-Rasnov, the oldest religious building of the Basarabs in Transylvania, (1384); 
      Saxon Church-Codlea; 
      Lutheran Church-Feldioara, (12th-15th century); 
      Church-Harman, (12 km north-east of Brasov), in Romanesque style, with Gothic elements, valuable frescos, (13th century); 
      Reformed Church-Fagaras, (1712-1715); 
      Evangelic Church-Rupea, (1488); 
      The Sā­¢ata Monastery-Sambata de Sus, it a was built by the ruler Brancoveanu, (1688-1714).

CULTURAL BUILDINGS

      The Council House-Brasov, it is situated in the center of the town, a monumental building, attested since 1420. The tower, 58 m high, overlooking the town square was built between 1525-1428. Today it hosts the County Museum; 
      The Museum of the First Romanian School-Brasov, inside an old Romanian school (attested for the first time in 1495). At the school from Scheii Brasovului, Romanian was used in teaching, for the first time, in 1559. The archives of the museum preserve a series of values which give a complete picture of our cultural traditions.

MONUMENS AND STATUES

      The Statue of Johannes Honterus-Brasov, a great Saxon scholar and humanist born in Brasov (1498-1549). In 1530 he published a description of the world, one of the most required handbooks of Geography and Astronomy of that time. In 1533 he founded here the first printing house of Transylvania.
Source: Romanian Travel Guide / Publirom
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